Building an epistemically democratic concept of disease

Picture - Essentialism in the view of diseases Picture - Essentialism in the view of diseases Picture - Essentialism in the view of diseases

Essentialism in the view of diseases

The received perspective on diseases positions the nursing unit, the diagnostic unit, and the intervention unit as parallel, if not equal, and follows a disease essentialism. If recent developments in biology, especially evolutionary medicine, are followed, one can have a much more socially differentiated and individualized understanding of diseases.

Project description

The conventional conception of diseases is based on an essentialist concept of disease that views care, diagnosis, and intervention as tantamount or equally linked. However, recent advances in biology, particularly in evolutionary medicine, have shown that a socially differentiated and individualized view of disease is possible. Such a differentiated perspective could have epistemic consequences for health care and require us to recognize and address inequities in dealing with essentialist conceptions of disease. In this context, such concepts could help to (a) develop medical research and public health approaches for social groups that have historically been oppressed and excluded from health care, and (b) promote an individualized understanding of illness that better accommodates patients with different contexts and needs than the essentialist concept of illness can.

Contact

Dr. Ozan Altan Altinok
Research Staff
Address
Otto-Brenner-Str. 1-3
30159 Hannover
Building
Room
806
Dr. Ozan Altan Altinok
Research Staff
Address
Otto-Brenner-Str. 1-3
30159 Hannover
Building
Room
806